- Organize and structure the content to help users navigate the page, determine where they are, and find the content they want:
- Use "Heading 1/2/3" paragraph styles, instead of different font sizes, to indicate structure and hierarchy.
- Provide transcripts for all audio.
- The transcript must be available for hearing impaired individuals.
- Caption all video.
- At a minimum provide the text to be used for captioning, or better, provide an already captioned video. Captioning ensures that deaf or hearing impaired individuals can use the video.
- Don't use color as the only way to indicate meaning.
- The classic example is a green button for "go" and a red button for "stop." However, a colorblind individual may not be able to distinguish the buttons, and a screen reader can't interpret the colors. To remedy this situation, use shapes or text to distinguish buttons, and provide alt text that can be read by the screen reader.
- Create tables that can be understood when read line-by-line.
- Pre-plan for accommodation needs with timed content.
- Some disabled users may need more time to navigate and access the material. Ensure there will be an option to extend time limits.
- Write concise and logical text.
- Screen reader users can save time and frustration if the text is short and to the point. Follow Web writing tips to keep text concise.