Narrator: This is Science Today. French and American archaeologists have for the first time, found definite evidence of cannibalism among Neanderthals. Paleontologist Tim White, of the University of California, Berkeley, helped decipher 78 pieces of Neanderthal bones from a cave site in southern France.
White: These bones were all cut marked and broken in the same manner and discarded in the same way that the deer bones were treated. Up until now, we have had a hundred years of controversy about whether or not Neanderthals were ever cannibals. This answers that question once and for all.
Narrator: The question that remains is why?
White: It could have been starvation, it could have been some mortuary ritual, it could have been cannibalism of friends and relatives or enemies. There is no way to choose based on the evidence from a single occurrence. But with a pattern of such occurrences all the way across Europe and through time, it is very suggestive that this goes beyond mere starvation.
Narrator: For Science Today, I'm Larissa Branin.