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B. The Rise of Type 2 Diabetes In Children

Narrator: This is Science Today. With the increasing rate of childhood obesity in this country, there's also been a dramatic rise in children with Type 2 diabetes, also known as adult onset diabetes. Kenneth Jones, a pediatric endocrinologist at the University of California, San Diego says in fact, over the past decade there's been over a ten-fold increase.

Jones: In the early part of the decade, we saw perhaps one patient with this diagnosis - maybe two a year. Last year, we had thirteen patients present in the same population. It is certainly increasing - some people would say in epidemic proportions.

Narrator: Currently, childhood Type 2 diabetes affects all ethnic and racial groups in this country, but it is more prevalent in Native-, African- and Mexican-Americans.

Jones: Certainly any family that has diabetes in it, particularly Type 2 diabetes, this is a major risk factor. The risk goes up if the child becomes obese. We need to try to find some public health approach which will arrest this.

Narrator: For Science Today, I'm Larissa Branin.