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D. Common Osteoporosis-Related Fractures

Narrator: This is Science Today. When it comes to osteoporosis-related fractures, one of the most common are spine fractures. Dennis Black, a professor of epidemiology at the University of California, San Francisco says these fractures occur without any significant fall or trauma.

Black: The vertebrae gets so weak that they can fracture just from sitting down incorrectly in a chair. Or just from getting up. So that it's possible to have a fracture without having a fall.

Narrator: But the most common fracture is in the hip, which usually does occur after a fall. Hip fractures can rack up about $25,000 per person. To reduce the risk, not to mention the cost, Black stresses prevention.

Black: It's important that especially women who are at high risk of osteoporosis, but men as well, have sufficient calcium in their diets. It's recommended that they get about 12 hundred milligrams per day, either in their diets or from supplements. And in addition, they should have adequate amounts of vitamin D.

Narrator: For Science Today, I'm Larissa Branin.