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A. Have Orphanages Gotten A Bad Rap?

Narrator: This is Science Today. Management professor Richard McKenzie of the University of California, Irvine, who grew up in an orphanage, says that orphanages have been getting a bad rap lately. He surveyed a group of people who grew up in orphanages in the 1950s and found their incomes today are 20 to 75 percent above the median.

McKenzie: Education, it ranges anywhere from 18 percent higher high school graduation rate to a 30 percent higher college graduation rate to where the former orphans have three times the percentage of advanced degrees than the general population.

Narrator: McKenzie says the reason is that, contrary to the bleak stereotype, most of the orphans feel their orphanages gave them opportunities and resources they wouldn't have otherwise had.

McKenzie: I found that something between 80 and 90 percent look back on their homes with a very favorable reaction, another five to ten percent say it's favorable, only one percent or so say it's unfavorable or very unfavorable.

Narrator: For Science Today, I'm Steve Tokar.