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B. How People Recognize the Human Emotion of Pride

Narrator: This is Science Today. When you think of the outward human emotion for pride - what comes to mind? Psychologists at the University of California, Davis have found that the emotion of pride has it's own distinct facial expression and body language. Jessica Tracy, who led the study, says this adds pride to a short list of recognizable human emotions that have been scientifically identified by facial expression. But pride was the only emotion to also incorporate body language.

Tracy: If you just show the face, people can't tell pride from happiness. They see the smile and they call it happiness. Once you add the body and add the specific components of the pride expression, people can tell the difference. So this is suggesting that positive emotions do not all share the same expression. There are distinct expressions for different positive emotions.

Narrator: So what does pride look like?

Tracy: It's a small smile, usually with the mouth closed. The head is tilted back, but slightly. And then the chest is out and shoulders pulled back and then there's several arm positions people can do. In some cases, they have their hands on their hips, in some cases they have their hands raised above their heads with fists. And in some cases, they actually have their arms crossed on their chest and in all cases, you get pride recognition.

Narrator: For Science Today, I'm Larissa Branin.