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A. The Challenge After the Completion of the Human Genome Project

Narrator: This is Science Today. Now that the Human Genome Project is complete, scientists and industry leaders face the challenge of finding a common language. Ed Penhoet, a professor in the School of Public Health at the University of California, Berkeley, says that understanding the phenotypes of the genome, or how each gene expresses itself physically, will take cooperation across fields.

Penhoet: Health is a phenotype. And it results from the intersection of biology, and biology in this sense means primarily genetic behavior and environment. And so many of us have been trying to think along these lines about the intersection of these three crucial elements in driving any phenotype, including health.

Narrator: Penhoet says scientists and industry leaders will have to work on the culture of sharing of information that was established during the Human Genome Project.

Penhoet: And really put some serious attention into the problem of what does sharing information mean - you could share words, but if you don't understand the meaning of the words, you really haven't engaged in sharing in a meaningful way.

Narrator: For Science Today, I'm Larissa Branin.