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A. Scientists Celebrate Completion of the Human Genome Project

Narrator: This is Science Today. Scientists have announced the completion of the Human Genome Project - a 13-year international effort to decode the three billion base pairs in human DNA. The Department of Energy's Joint Genome Institute in Walnut Creek, California, was one of twenty sequencing centers working on the project. Eddy Rubin is director of the University of California-managed facility.

Rubin: We contributed approximately 12 percent of the entire human genome. We sequenced three chromosomes. There are 24 chromosomes in the human genome - we sequenced 5, 16 and 19. Those are our chromosomes and so for all time, these three chromosomes will have the sequence that we generated.

Narrator: The sequence is publicly available on the Internet and is already being used by scientists and pharmaceutical developers to seek new ways to prevent, diagnose and treat human diseases and disorders. Meanwhile, work continues at the Joint Genome Institute.

Rubin: We're now using our sequencing capacity to understand the genetics of information in all forms of life.