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C. Studying Executive Function Deficiency in Girls With ADHD

Narrator: This is Science Today. Researchers believe that while girls with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, or ADHD, may not exhibit overt symptoms, such as impulsiveness or fidgetiness, there may be deficiencies in what is called their executive functions. Dr. Stephen Hinshaw, a professor of psychology at the University of California, Berkeley, explains.

Hinshaw: The executive functions by in large are those uniquely human attributes of planning, shifting, monitoring that appear to be quite disrupted in most children who have ADHD.

Narrator: Hinshaw warns that if girls continue to go undiagnosed, deficits in these executive functions could inhibit long-term academic, social, and occupational success.

Hinshaw: ADHD has a host of evidence now and our own studies show, particularly for girls with ADHD, they have real difficulties with these planful, self-monitoring, very human, kinds of attributes that help us to navigate our environment.

Narrator: For Science Today, I'm Larissa Branin.