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A. Efforts to Reduce Indoor Air Pollution in Third World Countries

Narrator: This is Science Today. The Environmental Protection Agency is launching an international initiative to reduce indoor air pollution from cooking fires in Third World countries. Daniel Kammen, a professor in the Energy and Resources Group at the University of California, Berkeley, proposed this initiative. The goal is to provide cheap, efficient stoves that emit less smoke and fumes.

Kammen: But many countries don't have them. And so, at a dollar or so per stove, you could envision programs to either distribute these stoves, or more likely, to work with local entrepreneurs to get them into the market to make these stoves and sell them.

Narrator: Each year, there are over three million deaths worldwide due to acute lower respiratory infections that are caused by indoor air pollution. Kammen says the stoves make a big difference.

Kammen: This really is a way to address local health, deforestation, climate change through reduced energy use, less burns and accidents inside people's homes with better stoves. A whole set of issues all focused around improved stove and fuel combinations.

Narrator: For Science Today, I'm Larissa Branin.