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B. Emergency Seizure Treatment Found to be Safe and Effective

Narrator: This is Science Today. Paramedics often treat adult patients suffering from seizures en route to the hospital with drugs that can cause harmful side effects. But Dr. Brian Alldredge, a neurology professor at the University of California, San Francisco, conducted a recent study that found early intervention is worth the risk.

Alldredge: That's the crux of the whole emergency nature of seizures. And what we know, is that prolonged seizures can cause brain damage. So the general rule is if a seizure lasts more than five minutes, you want to act as quickly as possible rather than wait thirty minutes before you're in a clearly life-threatening situation.

Narrator: Alldredge says the study will have an immediate impact on EMS services around the country.

Alldredge: I think a couple things will happen. One is that the EMS systems around the country that currently use this treatment I think will feel very good that we've validated the treatment administered by paramedics as both safe and effective.

Narrator: For Science Today, I'm Larissa Branin.