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A. The Future of Nutrition Therapy for Diabetics

Narrator: This is Science Today. Over six percent of the U.S. population has diabetes and nutrition therapy is a very integral part of caring for the disease. Clinical nutritionist Lisa Scott of the University of California, San Francisco, says the wave of the future in nutrition therapy is what's called carbohydrate counting.

Scott: Carbohydrates are the main things that raise your blood sugar in the foods that you eat. So if you can know how much carbohydrate is in the foods you are eating and you're told how much you can have at each meal, then that really helps control your blood sugars.

Narrator: And Scott says it's a very flexible plan, in that it allows for variation in what a patient eats, so long as the carbohydrate intake falls within a certain range.

Scott: You may be told that you can have sixty grams of carbohydrate at a meal and when you're taught all the foods that have carbohydrates and how much has carbohydrate, you can eat from many of the food groups, as long as you keep your carbohydrates within the range that you're told.

Narrator: For Science Today, I'm Larissa Branin.