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D. A New Study May Help Crewmembers of the International Space Station

Narrator: This is Science Today. The findings of psychological studies of former crewmembers and ground control personnel of MIR space station missions may be used to help train and support those involved with the International Space Station. Nick Kanas, a University of California, San Francisco psychiatrist is conducting these studies for NASA.

Kanas: We will be able to look at crews and mission control groups that have a lot of experience with other languages and other peoples versus those that have less experience. And we are trying to see how that might factor into how the tension, cohesion and leadership works out in these different groups.

Narrator: Right now, crews are selected for a number of factors, including background, training and meeting mission requirements. But Kanas' previous work highlighted the importance of experience living with other people and dealing well with other languages and cultures.

Kanas: We hope to raise people's awareness and attention as to some of these additional psychosocial factors so that they can be involved in the selection process as well as the training process.

Narrator: For Science Today, I'm Larissa Branin.