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D. The Nation's Organ Transplant System Renewed

Narrator: This is Science Today. The federal government recently renewed its contract with the private organization that runs the nation's organ transplant system. The contract requires that life-saving organs be distributed across vast geographic areas to the sickest patients first. Dr. John Roberts, chief of transplant services as the University of California, San Francisco, says this has been a point of contention for several years.

Roberts: One of the major issues is that there's differences in waiting time around the country for those patients waiting for the transplantation and literally the differences can go from the liver transplantation patient may wait weeks to months in Florida and here in this area of California, they may wait three years.

Narrator: The question is, is that just?

Roberts: The folks in Florida say we're using them in less sick patients - therefore we're sort of gaining utilitarian justice and people would argue, well, it's not fair. So you have this conflict between these different views of justice.

Narrator: For Science Today, I'm Larissa Branin.