Chapter 3-999: Related University References


External Requirements - Federal

3-F01 National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 as Amended (PL 91-190 42 USC §4321 et seq. as amended)

IMPLEMENTING REGULATIONS
40 CFR Part 6

PURPOSE
To establish a National Environmental Policy and Council on Environmental Quality. The Declaration of National Environmental Policy calls for federal government, in cooperation with state, local, public and private organizations, to use all means to foster and promote the general welfare, to create and maintain conditions under which humans and nature can exist in productive harmony, and to fulfill responsibility of each generation as trustees of the environment for future generations.

SUMMARY
These regulations require information on and coordination of federal projects and programs impacting the environment, including environmental impact statements, initial and use planning information, and review and public involvement. Federal agencies must include appropriate and careful consideration of all environmental effects of a proposed action.

APPLICABILITY
Regulations apply to federal agencies and all federal assistance programs. Environmental assessment must be prepared by grantee for each federally assisted project if it falls within categories required.

LEAD AGENCY
Environmental Protection Agency
Council on Environmental Quality

UNIVERSITY RESPONSIBILITY
In general, the University implements the National Environmental Policy Act, (NEPA) through compliance with the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA). (See 3-S01). However, there are circumstances under which Facilities Management prepares environmental impact documents under NEPA federal awards because a research project is determined to be categorically exempt under CEQA, but not excluded under NEPA.

3-F02 National Institutes of Health (NIH) Guidelines for Research Involving Recombinant DNA (rDNA) Molecules

IMPLEMENTING REGULATIONS
59 FR 34472 and amendments

PURPOSE
To specify practices for constructing and handling recombinant DNA (rDNA) molecules and organisms and viruses containing recombinant DNA molecules.

SUMMARY
Regulations establish four biosafety levels (BL) or levels of physical containment for classifying rDNA research, depending on the risk posed by the etiological agents to be used in the proposed research. These biosafety levels consist of combinations of laboratory practices, safety equipment, and laboratory facilities appropriate for the operations performed and the hazards posed by any proposed rDNA research. Agents assigned to biosafety level 4 (BL4) require the most stringent containment conditions. Those assigned to BL1 require the least stringent.

The regulations describe the guidelines for classifying rDNA experiments and their review procedures, and the membership requirements, functions and responsibilities of the Institutional Biosafety Committee (IBC), which reviews proposed rDNA research.

They require the institution to appoint a Biological Safety Officer (BSO) if it is engaged in rDNA research at the BL3 or BL4 containment level. The officer shall be a member of the I0B0RC. The duties of the BSO are described. They describe the responsibilities of Principal Investigator for compliance with the Guidelines and as well as the responsibilities of NIH.

APPLICABILITY
Regulations are required for institutions receiving NIH funds for rDNA research and are voluntary for others.

LEAD AGENCY
National Institutes of Health

UNIVERSITY RESPONSIBILITY
Campuses appoint an Institutional Biosafety Committee (IBC) and a Biological Safety Officer (BSO) to implement the Guidelines. The BSO is a member of the IBC and a staff member of campus EH&S. EH&S is responsible for establishing and implementing policies that provide for the safe conduct of rDNA research and ensure compliance with the Guidelines and establishing additional procedures as necessary.

3-F03 Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories

PURPOSE
Recommends best practices for the safe conduct of work in biomedical and clinical laboratories from a biosafety perspective.

SUMMARY
This publication sets forth a code of practice for biosafety—the discipline addressing the safe handling and containment of infectious microorganisms and hazardous biological materials, including microbiological containment practices, safety equipment, and facility safeguards that protect laboratory workers, the environment, and the public from exposure to infectious microorganisms handled and stored in a laboratory that constitute biosafety levels 1-4.

APPLICABILITY
These guidelines are for research facilities using infectious microorganisms, hazardous biological materials and etiologic agents, select agents and toxins and are advisory from the Centers of Disease Control.

LEAD AGENCY
Centers for Disease Control

UNIVERSITY RESPONSIBILITY
EH&S Office reviews proposed research procedures and laboratory facilities for compliance with biosafety levels recommended. Some campuses require specific authorizations from EH&S for use of infectious microorganisms, hazardous biological materials and etiologic agents.

3-F04 Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970, Federal Controlled Substances Act ( 21 USC 801 et seq.)

IMPLEMENTING REGULATIONS
21 CFR Chapter 11

PURPOSE
To provide increased research into and prevention of drug abuse and dependence, treatment, and rehabilitation. To strengthen existing law enforcement authority in the drug abuse field and to consolidate all federal marijuana, narcotics and dangerous drug laws.

This Act is designed to control the legitimate drug industry as well as to curtail the importation and distribution of illicit drugs throughout the United States.

SUMMARY
This Act provides funds for rehabilitation programs and research. The regulations set up controls, enforcement, penalties, and administration. They establish the schedules of controlled substances, restrictions, and registration classifications for their use.

Schedules of Controlled Substances - Section 202
The Act establishes five schedules of controlled substances, which classify drugs and narcotics based on abuse potential, and gives restrictions for obtaining and handling them. Schedule I lists those substances with the highest abuse potential and Schedule V names those with the lowest potential. A listing of the specific items in each schedule is published annually by the Drug Enforcement Administration under the title "Controlled Substances Inventory List." Further details about the Schedules are given in Appendix A of Business and Finance Bulletin BUS-50.

Registration Classifications
The Federal Controlled Substances Act establishes registration classifications for the use of controlled substances. Application for the use of any scheduled substances must be in the specific registration classifications which apply to that institution.

APPLICABILITY
Any use of scheduled substances.

LEAD AGENCY
Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)

UNIVERSITY RESPONSIBILITY
Materiel Management must submit applications to DEA for use of controlled substances in Schedules I through V. These applications are for use in the specific registration classifications which apply to the University. They are:

  1. Teaching Institution using Schedules II through V
  2. Hospital/Clinic using Schedules II through V
  3. Research in Schedule II through V
  4. Research in Schedule I
  5. Chemical Analysis distinct from research
  6. Manufacture

Each campus Materiel Management or Laboratory Purchasing Office registers its campus with the DEA for the classifications which apply to its needs. (See Section 3-610.) Once a campus or laboratory is registered in a classification, it can acquire controlled substances from Schedules II through V for use in that classification. Materiel Management must control the acquisition and distribution of schedules substances.

A separate registration is required for each research project under Schedule I. The Principal Investigator initiates this application, which includes a description of the research protocol, and submits it to Materiel Management. (See Business and Finance Bulletin BUS-50 for further detail.)

3-F05 Occupational Safety and Health Act (29 USC 667 et seq.)

IMPLEMENTING REGULATIONS
29 CFR 1900

PURPOSE
To establish regulations for the workplace to assure that no employee will suffer diminished health as a result of working conditions. To set forth procedures for development of state plans, enforcement and reporting, and federal standards and penalties.

SUMMARY
This Act establishes regulations to protect the health and safety of workers. The regulations set forth state planning for development and enforcement of state standards and procedures for inspections, citations, proposed penalties, and reporting injuries and illnesses. They list occupational health and safety standards for various work sectors and industries. The Act creates the National Institutes for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), which conducts studies and makes recommendations. It creates a broad mechanism for protecting workers from workplace hazards and occupational exposure to hazardous chemicals in laboratories as well as blood borne pathogens.

APPLICABILITY
States and interstate commerce industries.

LEAD AGENCY
Department of Labor

UNIVERSITY RESPONSIBILITY
EH& S is responsible for appropriate implementation of applicable State OSHA regulations, which are approved by Secretary of Labor in accordance with these federal regulations. (See 3-S02.)

3-F06 Toxic Substances Control Act of 1977 (15 USC §2601-2629)

IMPLEMENTING REGULATIONS
40 CFR 700

PURPOSE
To regulate commerce and protect human health and the environment by requiring testing and necessary use restrictions on certain chemical substances.

SUMMARY
Sets forth conditions to test for possible health or environmental risk. Makes rules, procedures, and regulations. Provides for data collection, record keeping, and enforcement. Fills gaps in other environmental laws by authorizing the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to acquire information on chemical substances in order to identify and evaluate potential hazards and then to regulate the production, use, distribution, and disposal of those substances.

APPLICABILITY
Consulting laboratories, contractors, and grantees performing studies to which these regulations apply. Applies to commodity and specialty chemicals made by biotechnology and microorganisms used in the environment.

LEAD AGENCY
EPA with rules issued by EPA and Treasury Department.

UNIVERSITY RESPONSIBILITY
EH&S Office is responsible for implementing the regulations under this law which include: proper handling, resting and storage of substances; equipment maintenance; records retention; and employee protection.

3-F07 Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA)

Amended by Medical Devices Amendments of 1976 (21 USC 301 et seq.)

IMPLEMENTING REGULATIONS
21 CFR Part 1

PURPOSE
To regulate drugs, biologics, food, food additives, cosmetics, and tobacco products.

SUMMARY
These regulations establish good laboratory and manufacturing practices and require premarketing testing of certain products.

APPLICABILITY
Consulting laboratories, contractors, grantees, and manufacturers.

LEAD AGENCY
Food and Drug Administration

UNIVERSITY RESPONSIBILITY
The EH&S Office is responsible for implementing the safe laboratory practices required by the regulations under this law.

The Principal Investigator must apply for a permit from the Food and Drug Administration for work involving an experimental use stage of any product covered by these regulations.

Under the Medical Devices Amendments, the Principal Investigator must apply to the Food and Drug Administration for an Investigational Device Exemption required to conduct clinical trials of a medical device.

3-F08 Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide ACT (FIFRA) (7 USC 136 et seq.)

IMPLEMENTING REGULATIONS
40 CFR 150 et seq.

PURPOSE
To regulate development, studies, manufacture, and use of biological pesticides, herbicides, microorganisms, or their chemical products.

SUMMARY
These regulations prescribe good laboratory practices and manufacturing requirements. They require studies in support of applications for research or marketing permits for pesticides products regulated by EPA and assure the quality and integrity of data. They cover treatment of animals, handling, storage, and testing of substances, and require EPA review of pesticides.

APPLICABILITY
Consulting laboratory, contractor, grantee or manufacturer.

LEAD AGENCY
EPA

UNIVERSITY RESPONSIBILITY
The EH&S Office is responsible for implementing safe laboratory practices. The Principal Investigator must apply to the EPA for the permits required for experimental use stages.

3-F09 Federal Water Pollution Control Act of 1972 (PL 92-500; 33 USC 1251 et seq.)
Clean Water Act as amended (PL 91-604, 84 Stat., 1707)
Clean Air Act of 1970
(PL 91-604); and Amendments (1974 - PL 93-319; 1977 95-95; 42 USC 7401 et seq.)
Executive Order 11738, "Providing for Administration of the Clean Air Act and the Federal Water Pollution Control Act with Respect to Federal Contracts, Grants, or Loans"

IMPLEMENTING REGULATIONS
40 CFR Part 25

(E.O. 11738 - 38 FR 25161, September 12, 1973)

PURPOSE
The Clean Water Act calls for restoration and maintenance of the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the nation's waters.

The Clean Air Act's purpose is to protect and enhance the quality of air resources to promote health and welfare. It initiates research and development on prevention and control of air pollution.

E.O. 11738 assures that each federal agency which awards grants, contracts or loans undertakes procurements and assistance activities in a manner that will result in effective enforcement of the Clean Air and Water Acts, by implementing Section 306 of the Air Act and 508 of the Water Act. (See below.)

SUMMARY
The Water Act covers the elimination of discharge of pollutants; protects fish and wildlife; prohibits toxic pollutants; and assists in construction of water treatment plants and in the development of research and technology.

The Clean Air Act authorizes activities of research and development programs; proposes ambient air standards; and sets forth pollution enforcement procedures. States are required to maintain standards of air quality.

Sections 306 of the Air Act and 508 of the Water Act are virtually identical in scope and impact. Each section provides general environmental standards and administrative requirements for federal contracts and grants subject to the Clean Air and Federal Water Pollution Control Acts. Regulations issued pursuant to these sections by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) are set forth in a detailed code of enforcement and compliance standards. These regulations may be found at 40 CFR Part 25.

Under the EPA regulations, sanctions may be imposed upon offending facilities when they fail to comply with federal and state requirements and orders issued pursuant to the Acts. In such cases, EPA may initiate hearing procedures which may result in the placement of the facility on a "list of violating facilities". The consequence of such action is that listed facilities may not be awarded future grants or receive extensions of existing grants. In addition, existing grants may be terminated.

Exempted from the Acts; requirements are grants, subgrants, and contracts issued by grantees for less than $100,000. In addition, grants to assist facilities in their compliance with environmental requirements are exempted. These exemptions do not apply to facilities whose prior violations of environmental requirements have resulted in criminal convictions under either of the above cited Acts.

APPLICABILITY
Sections 306 of the Air Act and 508 of the Water Act specifically apply to federal contracts, grants, loans, and subcontracts greater than $100,000. Other sections of these Acts apply to all activities engaged in, supported, funded, licensed, permitted, or approved by any federal department or agency.

LEAD AGENCY
EPA

UNIVERSITY RESPONSIBILITY
Under BUS-56, Materiel Management: Purchases from Entities Violating State or Federal Water or Air Pollution Laws, Materiel Management is responsible for assuring that the University does not subcontract or purchase with federal money to any person or facility on the EPA list of facilities in violation of Sections 306-Air Act and 508-Water Act. Contracts and Grants Officers certify the University's compliance with these Acts. Where subcontracts are administered by campus Contract and Grant Offices, those offices are responsible for confirming that a proposed subcontractor is not on the Federal Excluded Parties List.

3-F10 Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended (42 USC §§2011 et seq)
Energy Reorganization Act of 1974, as amended (42 USC §§5801 et seq)

IMPLEMENTING REGULATIONS
10 CFR Chapter 1

PURPOSE
To foster research and development of atomic energy and nuclear material; to disseminate technical information and benefits of such research; and to promote peaceful and defense uses and international cooperation for common defense and security. To establish government control of possession, use, and production of atomic energy and nuclear material. To set up program administration.

SUMMARY
These regulations govern all aspects of the use of nuclear materials including licensing, procedures to access restricted data, procedures to access and control these materials, and human and environmental protection standards. They set forth reporting procedures, standards for manufacturing and transporting nuclear materials, standards for patent licenses, security approvals, and import and export procedures.

APPLICABILITY
Any person, institution, political entity, corporation, etc. which uses or manufactures nuclear materials except for those exempt under 10 CFR Part 150 as Agreement States.

LEAD AGENCY
Nuclear Regulatory Commission

UNIVERSITY RESPONSIBILITY
The EH&S Radiation Safety Officer (or the Reactor Supervisor, as appropriate) is responsible to implementing these regulations for licensing and use of nuclear material and radiation-producing machines when they involve Department of Energy contracts, nuclear reactors, or use on federal property. In other cases, the State Radiation Control Codes apply as California is an Agreement State under 10 CFR Part 150. (See External Requirements 3-S04.)

LBNL follows DOE Order 5480.1A, Chapter XI, Requirements for Radiation Protection.

3-F11 Radiation Control for Health and Safety Act of 1968 (21 USC 360)

IMPLEMENTING REGULATIONS
21 CFR 1000 et seq.

PURPOSE
To provide for the protection of the public health from radiation emissions from electronic products.

SUMMARY
This Act develops and sets up administration for performance standards to control emissions from: ionizing radiation emitting products; microwave and radio frequency emitting products; laser light emitting products; sonic, infrasonic, and ultrasonic emitting products; and radiation emitting products. It supports public and private organization research and investigation into the effects and control of such emissions. The regulations establish requirements for notification by manufacturers of defects, repairs, or replacements. They set up controls for imported products and require codes for reporting listed electronic products and electronic product radiation warnings.

APPLICABILITY
Manufacturers and users of such products.

LEAD AGENCY
Food and Drug Administration

UNIVERSITY RESPONSIBILITY
EH&S and the Radiation Safety Officer are responsible for implementing regulations with regard to the safe use of these products.

3-F12 Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 as amended (42 USC 6901)

IMPLEMENTING REGULATIONS
40 CFR Part 239 et seq.

PURPOSE
To provide technical and financial assistance for the development of management plans, facilities for the recovery of energy and other resources from discarded materials, and for the safe disposal of discarded materials. To regulate the management of hazardous waste. To set up state and regional plans for solid and hazardous waste disposal management.

SUMMARY
These regulations set forth guidelines for solid or hazardous waste disposal and management. They regulate handling, storage, treatment, transportation, and disposal of solid or hazardous wastes and facilities and identify and list hazardous wastes. They provide for employee protections against firings when the employee reports violations of these regulations.

APPLICABILITY
Any user, manufacturer, or disposer of solid and hazardous wastes.

LEAD AGENCY
Environmental Protection Agency

UNIVERSITY RESPONSIBILITY
EH&S is responsible for implementing these regulations, providing guidance to departments on the safe disposal of wastes, protecting employees, facilities, and the environment.

3-F13 Agricultural Bioterrorism Protection Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 8401)

Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002 (42 U.S.C. 262a; sections 201–204, 221 and 231)

IMPLEMENTING REGULATIONS
42 CFR 73; 7 CFR 331; 9 CFR 121

PURPOSE
Implements the provisions of the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002 and the Agricultural Bioterrorism Protection Act of 2002 which require restricted access to select agents and toxins.

SUMMARY
Sets forth the requirements for possession, use, and transfer of select agents and toxins. Assesses security risks and provides security requirements for access to these agents and toxins. The biological agents and toxins listed in these parts have the potential to pose a severe threat to public health and safety, to animal health, or to animal products, or to plant health or plant products. Overlap select agents and toxins are subject to regulation by both CDC and APHIS.

APPLICABILITY
Applies to any government agency (Federal, State, or local), academic institution, corporation, company, partnership, society, association, firm, sole proprietorship, or other legal entity.

LEAD AGENCY
Centers for Disease Control and Protection - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services;
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS)U.S. Department of Agriculture

UNIVERSITY RESPONSIBILITY
Each campus has developed its own purchasing policies and guidelines for procuring these regulated materials. These campus policies are governed by the campus Biosafety Committee. For specific requirements, campus investigators should contact the campus Biosafety Officer in the campus EH&S Office.


External Requirements - State

3-S01 California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) (Public Resources Code §§21000 et seq.)

IMPLEMENTATION REGULATIONS
California Code of Regulations (CCR)

PURPOSE
To maintain a high quality environment for the people of the State. To require all State and public agencies to ensure that their activities are carried out in the best manner to prevent environmental damage.

SUMMARY
CEQA is patterned after the National Environmental Policy Act. CEQA requires all State and public agencies to regulate their activities to prevent environmental damage. Regulations must be consistent with the Act and comply with the State CEQA. All State agencies prepare and certify the completion of an environmental impact report on any proposed project which may have a significant impact on the environment.

APPLICABILITY
State and public agencies.

LEAD AGENCY
California Natural Resources Agency

UNIVERSITY RESPONSIBILITY
The policy adopted by The Regents, as required by CEQA, and the University’s implementation of CEQA are set forth in the UC CEQA Handbook. The campus Facilities Management or Planning Office is responsible for submitting environmental impact reports when required by the guidelines. (See Sections 3-300 to 330.)

3-S02 California Occupational Safety and Health Act (Labor Code §§ 6300 et seq.)

IMPLEMENTATION REGULATIONS
California Code of Regulations Title 8 Industrial Relations Section 340 et seq.

PURPOSE
To fulfill requirements of federal Occupational Safety and Health Act by establishing State standards and procedures to provide a safe and healthful place of employment. (See 3-F05 above.)

SUMMARY
This code sets forth State occupational health and safety standards which are approved by the Secretary of Labor. It contains detailed regulations and safety orders for safety in employment, worker safety, safety devices, and safeguards. It sets forth health standards, inspection and investigation procedures, and hazardous substances information and training requirements.

APPLICABILITY
Employers in California.

LEAD AGENCY
Division of Occupational Safety and Health--Department of Industrial Relations

UNIVERSITY RESPONSIBILITY
The EH&S Office interprets and assists managers/supervisors and Principal Investigators in the implementation these health and safety codes.

3-S03 Occupational Carcinogens Control Act of 1976 (Labor Code §§ 9000 et seq.)

IMPLEMENTING REGULATIONS
California Code of Regulations Industrial Relations Title 8 Section 5203 et seq.

PURPOSE
To establish requirements for use of regulated chemicals which can be carcinogenic.

SUMMARY
This code sets forth standards for use of specific chemicals which can be carcinogenic. It establishes procedures for implementation of the code and for inspections to verify enforcement. It gives penalties for violations and lists regulated chemicals to which the code applies.

APPLICABILITY
Use of specific regulated chemicals in California.

LEAD AGENCY
Division of Occupational Safety and Health-Department of Industrial Relations

UNIVERSITY RESPONSIBILITY
The EH&S Office regulates the use of carcinogens on campus and in laboratories in accordance with State requirements and campus policies.

LBNL follows DOE Orders for regulating the use of carcinogens.

3-S04 California Radiation Control Law (Health and Safety Code §§ 1149600 et seq.)

IMPLEMENTATION REGULATIONS
CCR Title 17 Public Health §§30100 et seq.

PURPOSE
To control the use and disposal of radioactive material and radiation-producing machines.

SUMMARY
This code sets standards for enforcement and requirements for use, storage, transportation, and disposal of radioactive material. It requires the licensing and registration of radioactive materials and radiation-producing machines.

APPLICABILITY
Possession and use of radioactive materials and radiation-producing machines in California.

LEAD AGENCY
Department of Public Health Radiologic Health Branch

UNIVERSITY RESPONSIBILITY
The EH&S Radiation Safety Officer and the Radiation Safety Committee are responsible for authorization, control, distribution, use and disposal of radioactive materials and radiation-producing machines.

LBNL follows DOE Orders on Requirements for Radiation Protection.

3-S05 Uniform Controlled Substances Act (Health and Safety Codes §§11000 et seq.)

IMPLEMENTING REGULATIONS
CCR Title 11 Attorney General §§800 et seq.

PURPOSE
To regulate acquisition and use of narcotics and dangerous drugs.

SUMMARY
This Act supplements the Federal Controlled Substances Act, governing the acquisition and use of controlled substances within the State. The Code sets forth regulations for human subject research with controlled substances. Health and Safety Code Section 11213 gives authority to the State Research Advisory Panel, established under Sections 11480 and 11481, to approve the use of controlled substances in research, instruction, and analysis.

State of California Research Advisory Panel
Anyone planning to conduct research in the following areas must submit a research application to the State Research Advisory Panel:

  1. Any research involving any Schedule 1 controlled substance; or
  2. Human research utilizing any Schedule I or Schedule II controlled substance except those included in subsection d of Schedule II; (See C& G Manual Chapter 18 for general information on human subjects review and approval); or
  3. Research for treatment of drug abuse utilizing any scheduled or unscheduled drug.

The Schedules of Controlled Substances are explained in Section 3-F04.

It is unlawful to engage in any of the above described research areas without prior authorization from the Research Advisory Panel. Application requirements and guidelines are available from their website.

APPLICABILITY
Use of scheduled substances in the State of California.

LEAD AGENCY
State Department of Justice – Office of the Attorney General

UNIVERSITY RESPONSIBILITY
The University procedures for the acquisition and use of controlled substances are established Business and Finance Bulletin BUS-50, Controlled Substances Program. Under BUS-50, Materiel Management and Purchasing Offices are responsible for authorizing applications for registration, official order forms, and reporting requirements. (See Section 3-610.)

Any University Principal Investigator intending to conduct research in the areas covered by the State Research Advisory Panel described above must submit a research application to the Panel.

3-S06 Public Works and Purchases (Government Code §§4475 et seq.)

PURPOSE
To prohibit State agencies from contracting with entities which are in violation of State or federal water or air pollution laws.

SUMMARY
No State agency can enter into any contract with any person or entity in violation of any order of the State Air Resources Board or in violation of waste discharge requirements in the Water Code or in violation of provisions of federal laws relating to air and water pollution.

APPLICABILITY
Any State agency including the University.

LEAD AGENCY
State Air Resources and Water Resources Control Boards

UNIVERSITY RESPONSIBILITY
Materiel Managers shall take precautions to insure that the University does not enter into contracts with any person or entity on the list of violators, the Federal Excluded Parties List. Business and Finance Bulletin BUS-56, Materiel Management: Purchases from Entities Violating State or Federal Water or Air Pollution Laws contains more details on this subject.